« Few cities can boast its really lovely, romantic, delicious, and utterly most agreeable situation, which can not be expressed in a few words; also for the nice and leggiadrissimo promontory of his famous name, as for the most pure and salutary air waves was called naturae miraculo and highly renowned. »
(Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, vol. LXVII, p. 233)
Surriento (Surrient in neapolitan) is an Italian town of 16,592 inhabitants of the city of Naples metropolitan area, in Campania.
Tourist destination par excellence, always for its natural and artistic beauty and its traditions, Sorrento is the major center for the number of services offered and also the best known and named for the Sorrento Peninsula. It is Archbishop’s Office.
The foundation is traditionally and legendarily attributed to the Greeks, but Sorrento had as first inhabitants settled the Italic peoples, the Etruscans and then, from 420 BC, there was important the influence of Osci. In the Roman era it is remembered for having taken part in the Italic (90 BC); There was then a colony derived from Silla, which was followed later an appropriation of veterans of Octavian. It was then the town hall of Menenia tribes. Was a bishopric from at least 420. During the crisis of Byzantine rule in Italy, Sorrento gained autonomy as a duchy, first under the rule of the dukes of Naples, then with archons and their dukes, always fighting with Amalfi, Salerno and the Saracens. The history of Sorrento is indistinguishable from that of other cities of Campania; He took part in the anti-Muslim alloys; He fought the Lombards of Benevento; experienced family struggles among the local nobles. Obligated in sec. IX by Guaimario to accept as their duke’s brother, Guido, the Duchy of Sorrento resumed its autonomy after the latter’s death and then lose it for good in 1137, absorbed into the new kingdom of the Normans. Sorrento has since followed the fate of the kingdom, not without rebellion and conflict, especially early age Aragonese. In 1558 it was taken and plundered by the Turks; in the winter of 1648 the city valiantly sustained the siege of John Grillo, General the Duke of Guise.