Agriturismo Penisola Sorrentina

Castellammare di Stabia

Casa Scola is only 4 km from the town of Castellammare di Stabia which can be reached by car or by bus of Sita Sud ( Circumvesuviana Stations in Castellammare di Stabia (Naples-Sorrento Line, Castellammare di Stabia and/or Via Nocera stops Circumvesuviana) you can reach Sorrento and other towns of Sorrentine Peninsula, Pompeii, Torre Annunziata (Oplontis), Ercolano and Naples (Naples Central Station of the State Railways). From the port of Castellammare di Stabia it’ s possible to take ferries or hydrofoils to Capri island (Capri).
Castellammare di Stabia is located in the south of the metropolitan city of Naples, in the area between the end of the Vesuvius area and the beginning of the Sorrento peninsula. The city is located in a flood-plain of volcanic nature, in a hollow of the bay of Naples, protected from the south by the chain of Lattari Mountains, while the east is lost in the countryside crossed by the Sarno River, which flows into the sea of Castellammare di Stabia . It is these natural elements mark the border with the neighboring city: the Sarno River divides the fact stabiese cities from Torre Annunziata and Pompeii to the north, Mount Faito from Vico Equense and Pimonte south. To the east the town borders on Sant’Antonio Abate and Santa Maria la Carità, while the West Zone is the coastal strip. stabiaThe origins of Castellammare di Stabia are lost in the mists of time and are still uncertain, although some findings document that the area was inhabited from the eighth century BC. Given its favorable location on the sea, in an area rich in water and fertile plains of volcanic origin, the first settlements went into developing what is now known as the Varano hill, at the time a spur overlooking the sea since the plain where today stands the present city was still partly submerged by the sea and the subtle existing coastline was exposed to enemy incursions. Several were the rulers like that of the Sunnis then followed by the Etruscans and Greeks: the name of this settlement was Stabiae. Stabiae was conquered by Rome in 340 BC and, during the Roman period the city had its heyday: it was fortified and became a small village devoted mainly to products that offered the land. Around the fortified cities developed numerous farms, with the passage of time, they formed small villages: this area is remembered as Ager Stabiano and included some areas which are currently incorporated in the municipalities of Gragnano, Casola di Napoli, Santa Maria la Carità and St. Antonio Abate, but also some areas of the same Castellammare di Stabia, as the district of San Marco and Pozzano, who at the time was called Fogliano, originated from the god Folianum, protector of nature. Stabiae was also equipped with the Minister palace and a temple dedicated to Hercules, according to the Roman tradition, was the founder of the city. During the Second Punic War, as well as reminds Silio Italico, some young Stabiae took part in the expedition on a ship of the fleet of Marcus Claudius Marcellus. During the Social War Stabiae was besieged by Lucius Cornelius Sulla, and only after a long time the city surrendered: at this juncture not fought any battle, but Silla just waited outside the walls until the lack of water and food They led the Stabiae to surrender. The city was completely destroyed and became the port of Nuceria. Stabiae was rebuilt immediately, but no longer as a fortified city, but as a holiday resort for wealthy Roman patricians, which filled the hillside villas with its own bath complexes inside, swimming pools, gyms and small temples and embellish it with paintings that still are today be among the most interesting of Roman art. In 62 A.D. Stabiae was devastated by a violent earthquake, which does not compromise the life of the city, and some collapsed buildings were immediately rebuilt or restored. On 25 August AD 79 an unexpected and violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius did disappear under a thick blanket of ash, lava and pumice, along with Pompeii and Herculaneum, the city of Stabiae. Because of the frequent earthquakes that preceded the eruption, many houses showed signs of slowing or cracks and then they were in the process of restructuring: this was the reason why at Stabiae there was a limited number of victims. Among the illustrious victims was Pliny the Elder, who arrived in Stabiae to observe more closely the eruption, died probably poisoned by toxic gas on the beach. After the destruction of Stabiae at the hands of Vesuvius, some locals who survived the eruption, they returned to their old homes, now destroyed, to retrieve items and money were those who formed a village along the coast, which due to the eruption it had become much more stretched in the bucket compared to the past. This new village, who lived mainly on fishing and agriculture, became part of the Duchy of Sorrento: it was precisely the Sorrentini who built a castle on the hill near Pozzano, to defend the duchy by the barbarian invasions. In this period, around the year 1000, precisely in 1086, he finds himself for the first time in a document the name of the village, that is to Castrum ad Mare, most likely resulting from the fact that the castle he was close to the sea. During the Middle Ages Castellammare di Stabia passes under the Swabians, and later under the control of the Aragoneses, who, besides the magnification of the port and the construction of mighty city walls, brought to completion the construction of a royal palace on the hill of Quisisana, used by real for their stays in the summer. The importance of the building was such that Giovanni Boccaccio makes the setting for a story from the Decameron, precisely the sixth of the ten days.

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